Osteoporosis is loss of minerals from the bones, its precursor is osteopenia. Bone loss is most commonly found in post-menopausal women, usually of Caucasian or Asian descent. Natural medicines are especially key in prevention and in helping women with mild low bone density. Calcium is an important part of healthy bones, but so are several other minerals and vitamins. Diet also plays an important role. Refined sugar may increase the risk for osteoporosis by increasing the loss of calcium from the body and causing a significant increase in fasting cortisol levels. A serving of refined sugar increases the urinary excretion of calcium, and an excess of corticosteroids can cause osteoporosis. This isn’t to say that sugar in the diet is the primary cause of osteoporosis, but reducing it in your diet can be helpful in prevention.